Finch Behaviour Problems

Aggression

The commonest problem you’ll encounter amongst birds is aggression. In a large aviary where individuals can find personal space and escape to the far corners of the enclosure, you have a better chance of getting the balance right, even with a mixed flock of birds. In smaller setups you will need to have some extra ‘cooling down’ cages for aggressors (or their victims). Some species are pretty incompatible, and many others become aggressive when hormones boil over in the breeding season.

Canary Rivals

Canaries in the breeding season sometimes enter into bouts of competitive singing, even if they are being kept in separate cages. Although this can be pleasant to the human ear, a constant song-based faceoff between the birds can cause them stress, and it’s best to move one of the competitors out of earshot, if possible. If the songsters are housed together in an aviary, there’s little you can do. The confrontation may end in a scuffle, or one of the birds may grow so exhausted that he retreats to a quiet corner. Keep an eye on any such development, to make sure the ‘loser’ doesn’t fall ill.

Egg-Laying

Hens sometimes lay eggs when there has been no mating. It is mating and nesting that require the specific stimulation of courtship and bonding, not egg-laying per se. If a hen lays eggs without a cock bird, they will of course be infertile. The eggs will often be laid in the food tray - the nearest thing to a nest that the hen can find.

Hot or Cold

A bird with drooping wings and open beak is probably over-heated. Make sure there’s shade available in your cage setup, if the bird is outside. Indoors, you could move the cage to a cooler room; but that room will have to be bird-safe. A hot bird is not usually in any danger, and if it’s a consequence of hot weather he will simply spend more time than usual sitting and panting. You should still be watchful, though, as panting behaviour in your birds could indicate a disease and should be referred to the Finch Health section of this guide.

A fluffed-up bird could, again, indicate illness; but your finch may simply be cold. If there’s anything you can do to safely heat up the environment, do so. A cover over the cage at night will help.


Canary feet
The feet of a Canary can be a clue to its health

Owners whose pet canaries or Zebra finches perch on their fingers learn to recognise the normal temperature of their pets’ feet. If the bird is hotter or colder than usual, they can tell by the foot temperature. This is a useful gauge, a starting point for further investigation - i.e. is the hot or cold down to the ambient temperature, or are there other signs that could indicate the onset of illness?

Mating Urge

It sometimes happens that a cock finch enters the breeding season earlier than the hen. In this situation the female will not be receptive, and the frustrated male will begin chasing, or even attacking her. If this happens the pair will need to be temporarily separated.

Sleepy

A tired bird might not be ill - he might just not be getting a good uninterrupted night’s sleep. If there are lights on in the house, or security lights interrupting outdoor slumber, the finches will not be happy. They need an uninterrupted rest from dusk until dawn, all year round.

Territorial

Some cock finches become over-zealous in defending their nests while the hen is incubating the eggs. Given enough space, other finches will soon learn to keep away. In a smaller cage, this is an untenable situation, and is one of the reasons why finches are generally kept in breeding pairs.

Customer Images

Comments

Russ, 28 June 2019

1 mâle carnary & 3 finches. Canary picks on only one of the finches & leaves other 2 alone. It looks a little rough from the aggression. Any advice.


Jennifer, 20 June 2019

I have 2 male zebra finches in a cage and I also have a small nest inside the cage, they seem to be agressive and chase each other around, jumping in and out of the nest. But than they sleep in it together at night and are fine. Should I take the best out ?


Anthony, 21 May 2019

I have a pair of zebra finches. They have built two nests. One nest has 2 eggs but the female keeps going into the 2nd nest and adjusting the material. The male does this also. Why?


Michele, 18 May 2019

I have a white male zebra finch who has a bare bottom and sticky feathers on his underside. Any idea what might be bothering him? He is in a hospital cage set up and seems active and is eating and chirping. Looks dirty underneath himself. Unlike my other finches who are all feathered and clean looking. Thank you for any help or advice.


Kimberly, 18 May 2019

I live in the southern central part of Alberta, in the foothills, and have started to identify many birds recently, and started noting their behaviours. In the spring and early summer, there are many you g yellow finch that seem to spend alot of time on the ground; unfortunately, I also have a dog & cat, although my dog gets more bids than my cat. I have tried to look up reasons for the you g to spend so much time on the ground which enables my dog to get them before I can get them to safety. They sometimes run; but they cannot outrun my dog and it kills me when he does what comes naturally to him. Are they hot? Too tired from not being experienced fliers, or built up enough muscle? I try to scan my acreage prior to letting the dog out of his kennel (we also have bears, wolves, coyotes, cougars, etc., which is why my dog is in a kennel at night) but with such a large area, it is hard for me to scan everywhere. The only information I get is sickness, but they aren’t; this assumption is based on the volume of young on the ground each spring. Any insight will be welcome! Thank you!

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