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European Shorthair Cats

A pretty european shorthair giving a cat pout for the camera A tabby european shorthair lying down with its paws crossed A lovely european shorthair cat looking grumpy A european shorthair with a tricolour coat


The European Shorthair was developed in Sweden, by breeding crossbreed domestic cats in combinations that aimed for a shorthaired coat on a strong cat with a rounded face. The inspiration was an old Roman breed that had spread across Europe with the Roman Empire. These ancient cats were famous for being good mousers, with many farms across Europe keeping populations of them to protect grain stores from mice.

Today this breed is still popular in Europe, with Finland and Sweden having the most breeders. It is far less common in the USA.


The European Shorthair was developed from mixed breed cats, and therefore involved lots of different characters and temperaments. This makes it impossible to give a definitive description of the breed's behavior, as this varies from cat to cat.

Generally speaking, as far as that is possible, the European Shorthair is an energetic breed that needs plenty of space. Many of them are best suited to the outdoor life, with a strong urge to hunt rodents. Some prefer to be indoors, though, and can become classic lap cats. Either way, they tend to be quite adaptable, and get on well with other pets. They tend to be independent-minded cats, and are sometimes wary of strangers while remaining affectionate and loyal to their owners.


All colors, shades, and patterns.

Breed Details

  • Status: Fairly common
  • Place of Origin: Sweden
  • Rough date of Origin: 1980s
  • Hair length: Shorthair
  • Activity Level: Medium
  • Vocalness: Medium
  • Child friendly: Good with children
  • Intelligence:
  • Playfullness: Playfull
  • Grooming Requirements: Once a week
  • Weight: 3.5 - 7.0kg
  • Size: Medium
  • House Cat or Outdoor Cat: Outdoor Cat
  • Pet Compatibility:
  • Social Needs:

European Shorthair Pictures

Matilda, my European Shorthair.
A european shorthaired cat.
Cat in Snow
A grey cat lying in the sun on a sofa indoors
u cute thing!

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